Respiratory Care & Therapy (A Brief Introduction)
Respiratory Care & Therapy (A Brief Introduction)
   16 Jan 2021    Medibull

What Is Respiratory Care?
Respiratory care is referred to as healthcare practice which is primarily used for sustaining the finest cardiopulmonary health, function & wellness. Respiratory care is particularly given to people who are suffering from heart & lung disorders but is not restricted to them & can be given to anyone facing issues in breathing. Respiratory care practitioners or pulmonologists use several scientific principles to analyze, treat & prevent chronic dysfunction of the cardiopulmonary system.

What Respiratory Therapy?
Respiratory Therapy is a part of respiratory care, where respiratory therapists help & support people suffering from problems related to lung function & breathing. A respiratory therapist helps a patient with controllable respiratory conditions. Respiratory Therapies these days occupy a vital place in the healthcare system owing to increasing cases of lung disorder which can be the outcome of rising pollution.

Respiratory Therapists diagnose & treat various diseases in the heart & lungs such as Lung Disorders, Asthma, Emphysema, Bronchitis & Pneumonia. Respiratory therapist functions with people from all age groups from premature infants to the elderly & can be mostly found in Hospital’s ICU, Pulmonary Rehabilitation Clinic, Paediatric ICU & Emergency Rooms.

Types of Respiratory Therapy
There are several main types of Respiratory Therapies. Respiratory Therapists may specialize in one or more of these.

1.Emergency Respiratory Therapy
This type of Respiratory Therapy is performed in a hospital. These Respiratory Therapiesassist with emergency room cases & help people recover from heart surgery or lung failure. Some Respiratory Therapists assist doctors during complicated surgeries. They also treat pneumonia. A vital part of emergency respiratory therapy includes ventilators. Respiratory Therapies manage or initiate life support for those who need it.

2.Adult Respiratory Therapy
Adult respiratory therapy can be performed in a hospital, outpatient, or home setting. Respiratory Therapy may assist with routine care for the maintenance of chronic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis. Adult respiratory therapy generally involves the treatment of emphysema. Respiratory Therapies are sometimes in charge of programs that help adults quit smoking.

Pulmonary rehabilitation aids the lungs to regain more breathing capacity after a surgery or traumatic event. This kind of therapy may be provided outside of the hospital by a Respiratory Therapist. They also work in sleep labs to assist in the diagnosis&treatment of sleep apnea.

3.Pediatric Respiratory Therapy
Pediatric Respiratory Therapies focus on new-born & childhood cardiopulmonary issues. Sometimes they work in a hospital, where they care for patients in inpatient units together with babies in a neonatal ICU. Some pediatric Respiratory Therapists offer outpatient care for children & adolescents with asthma.

Hospitals frequently have pediatric emergency transport teams that take new-borns or children to different facilities by ambulance or helicopter. The teams are usually made up of a nurse & a Respiratory Therapist.

4.Geriatric Respiratory Therapy
As we age, so do our lungs. Sometimes respiratory therapy can help increase breathing competence for older people. Respiratory tract infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,& bronchial pneumonia are diseases that a person over the age of 65 is likely to encounter. Geriatric respiratory therapy is generally performed at a hospital, an outpatient facility, or a person’s home.

The List of Activities Performed by Respiratory Therapists
The list of activities performed by respiratory therapists is pretty exhaustive & begins with initial diagnosis followed by complete treatment of various cardiopulmonary diseases. Our respiratory therapist would first examine the patients, perform chest exams using specialized equipment,& analyze tissue specimens. Our expert team of respiratory therapists performs the following activities as part of their scheduled care:

•Manage life support mechanical ventilation systems.
•Administering aerosol-based medication.
•Monitoring cardiopulmonary equipment.
•Analysis of blood samples for oxygen levels & other gases.
•Efficient management of artificial airways.
•Evaluation of lung capacity to detect impairment.
•Analysis of chest x-rays & sputum samples.
•Checking patients’ vital parameters.
•Rehabilitation of patients with cardiopulmonary disorders.

How to Know If You Need a Respiratory Therapy

Respiratory Therapies can become necessary in many situations. In almost every case, a primary care physician, pediatrician, or emergency room doctor will let you know if you need a Respiratory Therapist or not. Several people are more likely to need Respiratory Therapy than adults over the age of 60&those who smoke. Premature babies often receive care from Respiratory Therapists as well.